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New Research Shows More People Knowingly Use Fentanyl

Fentanyl use by people who use drugs has doubled since 2015, and two-thirds of people are aware they’ve taken it, finds new research out of British Columbia, the Canadian province that has experienced the highest number of illicit drug toxicity deaths as a result of the opioid crisis. The findings point to the importance of...

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SNAPSHOT: American Cancer Survivors Face Substantial Financial Hardship and Financial Sacrifices

Bottom Line: American cancer survivors, particularly those 64 years or younger, faced substantial medical financial hardship and sacrifices in spending, savings, or living situation, according to data from a survey. Journal in Which the Study was Published: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research Author: Xuesong Han, PhD, senior...

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Judges Deny Abortion Care to Teens

Minors seeking abortions without notifying their parents in states that require it are denied by judges as much as 13% of the time, suggests a new CU Boulder-led study published January 16 in the American Journal of Public Health. “We found that judges are denying girls abortion care with impunity, potentially based on their own...

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People with Inadequate Access to Food 10% to 37% More Likely to Die Prematurely

Adults with food insecurity (i.e., inadequate access to food because of financial constraints) are 10% to 37% more likely to die prematurely from any cause other than cancer compared to food-secure people, found new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). “Among adults who died prematurely, those experiencing severe food insecurity died at an age 9...

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Guided Self-Help Intervention Reduces Refugees’ Psychological Distress and Improves Wellbeing in Humanitarian Crises

A guided self-help approach that provides strategies for managing distress and coping with adversity is safe, and resulted in meaningful improvements in psychological distress and functioning compared to enhanced usual care over three months in female refugees living in a settlement in Uganda, according to a randomised trial involving almost 700 South Sudanese refugee women,...

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Study: Pharmaceutical Companies Marketing Stimulants to Physicians

Results of a new study show that a large number of physicians in the US may have received marketing payments from pharmaceutical companies that produce stimulant medications. Led by researchers at Boston Medical Center’s (BMC) Grayken Center for Addiction, the first of its kind study found that one in 18 physicians received some form of...

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Self-Moisturising Smart Contact Lenses

Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a new type of smart contact lenses that can prevent dry eyes. The self-moisturising system, which is described in the journal Advanced Materials Technologies, maintains a layer of fluid between the contact lens and the eye using a novel mechanism. Smart contact lenses are wearable devices that could accelerate vision...

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What It’s Like to Live Without a Sense of Smell

The smell of cut grass, freshly baked bread, childhood memories, lost loved ones, Christmas. What happens when it’s all gone? A new study from the University of East Anglia reveals the huge range of emotional and practical impacts caused by a loss of smell. It finds that almost every aspect of life is disrupted –...

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Amount of Sugar Sold in Soft Drinks Drops by 29% in the UK

Lead researcher Lauren Bandy and her colleagues looked at the nutritional information of a range of soft drinks in the UK, including carbonated drinks, concentrates, 100% juice, juice drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks and bottled water, and combined this with sales data from 2015-2018. There has been considerable pressure on industry to reduce the sugar...

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Pornography Is Not a ‘Public Health Crisis’

Existing evidence suggests pornography may negatively affect some individuals, but it does not qualify as a public health crisis, and calling it one could cause harm. Researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) have written an editorial in the American Journal of Public Health special February issue arguing against the claim that pornography is...