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New Therapy for Flu May Help in Fight Against COVID-19
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New Therapy for Flu May Help in Fight Against COVID-19

A new therapy for influenza virus infections that may also prove effective against many other pathogenic virus infections, including HIV and COVID-19, has been developed by Purdue University scientists. In an average year, more than 2 million people in the United States are hospitalized with the flu, and 30,000 to 80,000 of them die from...

Millions of People Are on Treatment for HIV: Why Are So Many Still Dying?
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Millions of People Are on Treatment for HIV: Why Are So Many Still Dying?

Twenty years ago treatment for HIV was a rare luxury in South Africa. Exorbitant costs and President Thabo Mbeki’s government’s fierce opposition to providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) kept it out of the public sector. They were terrible days. Many lives were lost. The environment has changed remarkably since then. The turning point came in 2004...

Blacks, Hispanics Comprised More Than Half of All Inpatient Deaths From COVID-19
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Blacks, Hispanics Comprised More Than Half of All Inpatient Deaths From COVID-19

More than half of all in-hospital deaths due to COVID-19 during the first six months of 2020 were among Black and Hispanic patients, according to a new study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Duke University. The researchers did not find any racial or ethnic differences in mortality rates among...

Study Reveals How Smoking Worsens COVID-19 Infection in the Airways
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Study Reveals How Smoking Worsens COVID-19 Infection in the Airways

UCLA researchers using a model of airway tissue created from human stem cells have pinpointed how smoking cigarettes causes more severe infection by SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in the airways of the lungs. The study, led by scientists at the Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA and published...

What Doctors Aren’t Always Taught: How to Spot Racism in Health Care
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What Doctors Aren’t Always Taught: How to Spot Racism in Health Care

Betial Asmerom, a fourth-year medical student at the University of California-San Diego, didn’t have the slightest interest in becoming a doctor when she was growing up. As an adolescent, she helped her parents — immigrants from Eritrea who spoke little English — navigate the health care system in Oakland, California. She saw physicians who were...

Are E-Cigarette Users at Greater Risk of Poor Immune Response to Flu, COVID?
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Are E-Cigarette Users at Greater Risk of Poor Immune Response to Flu, COVID?

In a controlled study of smokers, nonsmokers, and e-cigarette users, University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers found that e-cigarette users exhibited significantly altered immune responses to a model of influenza virus infection, suggesting increased susceptibility to disease. The findings, published in the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, show that vaping changes...

Here’s Why Conservatives and Liberals Differ on COVID-19
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Here’s Why Conservatives and Liberals Differ on COVID-19

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, political ideology has been perhaps the strongest predictor of consumers’ perceptions of the coronavirus’ threat. According to a new study from Lehigh University’s College of Business, the differences between conservative and liberal responses to COVID-19 are mitigated when people perceive the virus itself to have agency — the ability to control...

Actively Speaking Two Languages Protects Against Cognitive Decline
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Actively Speaking Two Languages Protects Against Cognitive Decline

In addition to enabling us to communicate with others, languages are our instrument for conveying our thoughts, identity, knowledge, and how we see and understand the world. Having a command of more than one enriches us and offers a doorway to other cultures, as discovered by a team of researchers led by scientists at the...

Americans Likely to Attend Large Holiday Gatherings Despite COVID-19
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Americans Likely to Attend Large Holiday Gatherings Despite COVID-19

  A new national survey by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center finds that although a majority of Americans plan to take precautions at holiday gatherings, such as social distancing and asking those with COVID symptoms not to attend, many will also put themselves at risk. Nearly two in five report they will likely attend a...