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Transformational Innovation Needed to Reach Global Forest Restoration Goals

The U.N. and other international organizations agree that forest restoration is a critical part of the collective global effort to combat climate change, reduce extinctions, and improve the lives of people in rural communities. Dozens of nations have pledged to restore 230 million hectares of forest so far as part of projects such as the...

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Tipping Mechanisms Could Spark Societal Change Towards Climate Stabilization

Limiting global warming to well below 2°C requires a decarbonized world by 2050 at the latest and a corresponding global transformation of the energy and land use systems of societies across the world. To achieve this goal of net-zero carbon by 2050 emissions need to be cut by half every decade from now on. An...

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Research Shows Potential for Zero-Deforestation Pledges to Protect Wildlife in Oil Palm

New research has found that environmental efforts aimed at eliminating deforestation from oil palm production have the potential to benefit vulnerable tropical mammals. These findings, published by Conservation Letters, were drawn from an international collaboration led by Dr. Nicolas Deere from the University of Kent’s Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), and including the University...

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Nature Study: First Ancient DNA from West Africa Illuminates the Deep Human Past

A team of international researchers dug deep to find some of the oldest African DNA on record, in a new study published in Nature. Africa is the homeland of our species and harbors greater human genetic diversity than any other part of the planet. Studies of ancient DNA from African archaeological sites can shed important...

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Caterpillar Loss in Tropical Forest Linked to Extreme Rain, Temperature Events

Using a 22-year dataset of plant-caterpillar-parasitoid interactions collected within a patch of protected Costa Rican lowland Caribbean forest, scientists report declines in caterpillar and parasitoid diversity and density that are paralleled by losses in an important ecosystem service: biocontrol of herbivores by parasitoids. The study by University of Nevada, Reno researchers, published in Scientific Reports this week,...

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Study Reveals Pre-Hispanic History, Genetic Changes Among Indigenous Mexican Populations

As more and more large-scale human genome sequencing projects get completed, scientists have been able to trace with increasing confidence both the geographical movements and underlying genetic variation of human populations. Most of these projects have favored the study of European populations, and thus, have been lacking in representing the true ethnic diversity across the...

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Always Counterclockwise

Human behaviour is influenced by many things, most of which remain unconscious to us. One of these is a phenomenon known among perception psychologists as “pseudo-neglect”. This refers to the observation that healthy people prefer their left visual field to their right and therefore devide a line regularly left of centre. A study published on...

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Study Puts the ‘Carib’ in ‘Caribbean,’ Boosting Credibility of Columbus’ Cannibal Claims

Christopher Columbus’ accounts of the Caribbean include harrowing descriptions of fierce raiders who abducted women and cannibalized men – stories long dismissed as myths. But a new study suggests Columbus may have been telling the truth. Using the equivalent of facial recognition technology, researchers analyzed the skulls of early Caribbean inhabitants, uncovering relationships between people groups and...

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Volunteer Tourism Can Aid Disaster Recovery

Holidaying in a disaster zone might seem crazy, but “volunteer tourism” can actually help communities recover from natural disasters, a new study finds. And it can offer a unique and rewarding experience for volunteers, if done carefully. “When disaster hits a tourist destination – whether fire, flood, cyclone or earthquake – tourists naturally stay away,...