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History of the Spread of Pepper (C. Annuum) Is an Early Example of Global Trade
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History of the Spread of Pepper (C. Annuum) Is an Early Example of Global Trade

Genebanks collect vast collections of plants and detailed passport information, with the aim of preserving genetic diversity for conservation and breeding. Genetic characterisation of such collections has also the potential to elucidate the genetic histories of important crops, use marker-trait associations to identify loci controlling traits of interest, search for loci undergoing selection, and contribute...

5 Ways Americans Often Misunderstand Cuba, from Fidel Castro’s Rise to the Cuban American Vote
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5 Ways Americans Often Misunderstand Cuba, from Fidel Castro’s Rise to the Cuban American Vote

Cuba recently erupted in the largest protests seen there in six decades, reflecting popular anger over a crippling economic crisis, scarce food and medicines and a half-century of repression. Cuba remains largely an enigma to outsiders, and especially to Americans. Myths prevail because of Cuban government censorship and the United States’ historic tendency – born...

Study Finds Poor Households in India Bear Brunt of Pollution Effects
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Study Finds Poor Households in India Bear Brunt of Pollution Effects

Poorer households in India are bearing a disproportional impact from pollution caused by others, a new study by Yale School of the Environment Associate Professor of Energy Systems Narasimha Rao has found. The study, published in the journal Nature Sustainability, is the first to analyze and review how different households contribute to air pollution, as...

Grow Tall, My Son: How Inheritance Laws Affect Child Height in India
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Grow Tall, My Son: How Inheritance Laws Affect Child Height in India

Can an inheritance law lead to taller children? The answer is a qualified yes, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. Md Shahadath Hossain, a fifth-year doctoral candidate, and Assistant Professor of Economics Plamen Nikolov recently published “Entitled to Property: Inheritance Laws, Female Bargaining, and Child Health in India,” with the IZA...

‘Talking Drum’ Shown to Accurately Mimic Speech Patterns of West African Language
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‘Talking Drum’ Shown to Accurately Mimic Speech Patterns of West African Language

Musicians such as Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton are considered virtuosos, guitarists who could make their instruments sing. Drummers in west Africa who play hourglass-shaped percussion instruments called dùndúns can make their instrument not only sing, but talk. New research published in the journal Frontiers in Communication is one of the first to show the high degree...

Evangelical Support for Israel Is Neither Permanent nor Inevitable
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Evangelical Support for Israel Is Neither Permanent nor Inevitable

Israel’s former ambassador to the U.S., Ron Dermer, made waves in May 2021 when he publicly suggested that Israel should prioritize its relationship with American evangelicals over American Jews. Dermer described evangelicals as the “backbone of Israel’s support in the United States.” By contrast, he described American Jews as “disproportionately among [Israel’s] critics.” Dermer’s comments...

Why the Us Won’t Be Able to Shirk Moral Responsibility in Leaving Afghanistan
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Why the Us Won’t Be Able to Shirk Moral Responsibility in Leaving Afghanistan

The majority of the remaining American troops in Afghanistan were withdrawn recently, with the rest due to leave by the end of August 2021. This withdrawal marks the end of nearly 20 years of American military presence in Afghanistan. Support for the withdrawal is widespread in the United States, with the majority of Americans –...

Personal Networks Are Associated with Clean Cooking Fuel Adoption in Rural South India
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Personal Networks Are Associated with Clean Cooking Fuel Adoption in Rural South India

A new, first-of-its-kind study led by researchers from Boston College has found that personal networks in India could play an important role in advancing the adoption of a cleaner cooking fuel, in this case liquefied petroleum gas, according to a report published in the journal Environmental Research Letters. “This is the first report in clean cooking...

Sacred Natural Sites Protect Biodiversity in Iran
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Sacred Natural Sites Protect Biodiversity in Iran

How much do traditional practices contribute to the protection of local biodiversity? Why and how are sacred groves locally valued and protected, and how can this be promoted and harnessed for environmental protection? Working together with the University of Kurdistan, researchers of the University of Göttingen and the University of Kassel have examined the backgrounds...

Keeping the Peace
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Keeping the Peace

Ethiopia, Nigeria, Colombia, Myanmar and Syria are just a handful of the places around the world currently engaged in ongoing civil wars. Even when peace agreements can be negotiated to end civil wars, maintaining stability is incredibly challenging. In these fragile post-conflict areas, a small communal dispute can easily escalate and unravel peace deals. Peacekeepers...