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Red Coral Effectively Recovers in Mediterranean Protected Areas

Protection measures of the Marine Protected Areas have enable red coral colonies (Corallium rubrum) to recover partially in the Mediterranean Sea, reaching health levels similar to those of the 1980s in Catalonia and of the 1960s in the Ligurian Sea (Northwestern Italy). This according to a recent study carried out by researchers from the Institute...

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Save the Giants, Save the Planet

Habitat loss, hunting, logging and climate change have put many of the world’s most charismatic species at risk. A new study, led by the University of Arizona, has found that not only are larger plants and animals at higher risk of extinction, but their loss would fundamentally degrade life on earth. The study, published in...

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New Global Biodiversity Study Provides Unified Map of Life on Land and in the Ocean

New research led by the Monterey Bay Aquarium and partner organizations yielded the first comprehensive global biodiversity map documenting the distribution of life both on land and in the ocean. The study published today in PLOS ONE offers the most complete picture available of where life occurs on Earth and what the most critical environmental factors are...

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Colossal Oysters Have Disappeared from Florida’s ‘Most Pristine’ Coastlines

Hundreds of years ago, colossal oysters were commonplace across much of Florida’s northern Gulf Coast. Today, those oysters have disappeared, leaving behind a new generation roughly a third smaller – a massive decline that continues to have both economic and environmental impacts on a region considered by many to be the last remaining unspoiled coastlines...

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Conflict Between Ranchers and Wildlife Intensifies as Climate Change Worsens in Chile

Scientists from the University of La Serena, Newcastle University, UK, and the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile surveyed ranchers to find out what they thought were the drivers of conflict between people and guanacos (a wild camelid species closely related to the Llama). Ranchers blamed the increased aridity for reducing the availability of pasture, which...

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Green Infrastructure Provides Benefits That Residents Are Willing to Work For

Urban areas face increasing problems with stormwater management. Impervious surfaces on roads and buildings cause flooding, which impacts the water quality of streams, rivers and lakes. Green infrastructure, including features such as rain barrels, green roofs, rain gardens, and on-site water treatment, can provide affordable and environmentally sound ways to manage precipitation. However, green infrastructure...

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Room for Complexity? the Many Players in the Coffee Agroecosystem

The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. Agricultural areas are often considered distinct from local ecosystems, and in many cases, such an assessment rings true. Single-crop farmlands, reliant on the liberal use of pest- and herbicides, often limit local biodiversity and species interactions. However, in other agricultural settings, robust ecosystems...

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Transformational Innovation Needed to Reach Global Forest Restoration Goals

The U.N. and other international organizations agree that forest restoration is a critical part of the collective global effort to combat climate change, reduce extinctions, and improve the lives of people in rural communities. Dozens of nations have pledged to restore 230 million hectares of forest so far as part of projects such as the...

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Tipping Mechanisms Could Spark Societal Change Towards Climate Stabilization

Limiting global warming to well below 2°C requires a decarbonized world by 2050 at the latest and a corresponding global transformation of the energy and land use systems of societies across the world. To achieve this goal of net-zero carbon by 2050 emissions need to be cut by half every decade from now on. An...

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Research Shows Potential for Zero-Deforestation Pledges to Protect Wildlife in Oil Palm

New research has found that environmental efforts aimed at eliminating deforestation from oil palm production have the potential to benefit vulnerable tropical mammals. These findings, published by Conservation Letters, were drawn from an international collaboration led by Dr. Nicolas Deere from the University of Kent’s Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), and including the University...